Common Names of Plant Diseases


Diseases of Caneberries
(Rubus spp.)



BACTERIAL DISEASES

Crown and cane gall
Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907)
    Conn 1942
A. rubi (Hildebrand 1940) Starr and Weiss 1943
Fire blight
Erwinia amylovora (Burrill 1882) Winslow et al. 1920 emend. Hauben et al. 1998
Hairy root
Agrobacterium rhizogenes (Riker et al. 1930) Conn 1942 (rare)
Leafy gall
Rhodococcus fascians (Tilford 1936) Goodfellow 1984
= Corynebacterium fascians (Tilford 1936) Dowson 1942
Pseudomonas blight
Pseudomonas syringae van Hall 1902

FUNGAL DISEASES

Anthracnose
Elsinoe veneta (Burkholder) Jenk.
    Sphaceloma necator (Ellis & Everh.) Jenk. & Shear
    [anamorph]
Armillaria root rot = shoestring root rot
Armillaria mellea (Vahl:Fr.) P. Kumm.
    Rhizomorpha subcorticalis Pers. [anamorph]
Ascospora dieback
Clethridium corticola (Fuckel) Shoemaker & E. Muller
= Discostroma corticola (Fuckel) I. Brockmann
= Ascospora ruborum (Oudem.) Zeller)
    Seimatosporium lichenicola (Corda) Shoemaker &
    E. Müller [anamorph]
Blackberry rust*
Phragmidium violaceum (C.F. Schultz) G. Wint.
Black rot
Phyllosticta carpogena (Shear) van der Aa
Blotch
Mycosphaerella confusa F.A. Wolf
    Pseudocercospora rubi (Sacc.) Deighton [anamorph]
= Cercospora rubi G. Wint.)
Blotch, purple
Septocyta ruborum (Lib.) Petr.
= Rhabdospora ramealis (Roberge ex Desmaz.) Sacc.
Botryosphaeria cane canker (blackberry)
Botryosphaeria dothidea (Moug.:Fr.) Ces. & De Not.
    Fusicoccum aesculi Corda [anamorph]
Botrytis fruit rot and blossom blight = gray mold
Botrytis cinerea Pers.:F
    Botryotinia fuckeliana (de Bary) Whetzel [teleomorph]
Boysenberry decline*
Cercosporella rubi (G. Wint.) Plakidas (New Zealand)
Cane and leaf rust
Kuehneola uredinis (Link) Arth.
Cane blight
Diapleella coniothyrium (Fuckel) Barr
= Leptosphaeria coniothyrium (Fuckel) Sacc.
    Coniothyrium fuckelii Sacc. [anamorph]
Cane Botrytis
Botrytis cinerea Pers.:Fr.
    Botryotinia fuckeliana (de Bary) Whetzel [teleomorph]
Downy mildew = dryberry
Peronospora sparsa Berk. (New Zealand)
= P. rubi Rabenh.
Dryberry disease (loganberry)
Rhizoctonia rubi McKeen
(plus dryberry mite, see under miscellaneous disorders)
Fruit rots, minor
Alternaria spp.
Cladosporium spp.
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Penz. & Sacc.
Colletotrichum acutatum Simmonds
Penicillium spp.
Gnomonia cane canker
Gnomonia rubi (Rehm)
Late leaf rust
Pucciniastrum americanum (Farl.) Arth.
Pucciniastrum arcticum Transzschel
Leaf spots
Discohainesia oenotherae (Cooke & Ellis) Nannf.
    Hainesia lythri (Desmaz.) Hohn. [anamorph]
Mycosphaerella spp.
Phyllosticta spp.
Nectria canker (raspberry)
Nectria mammoidea W. Phillips & Plowr. var. rubi
(Osterw.) Weese (Europe)
    Cylindrocarpon ianthothele var. ianthothele Wollenweb.
    [anamorph]
Orange rust
Arthuriomyces peckianus (E. Howe) Cummins &
    Y. Hiratsuka (long-cycled rust)
Gymnoconia nitens (Schwein.) F. Kern & H.W. Thurston
    (short-cycled rust)
Phytophthora root rot
Phytophthora spp.
P. fragariae C.J. Hickman var. rubi
P. megasperma Waterhouse
P. cactorum (Lebert & Cohn) J. Schröt.
P. citricola Sawada
P. cryptogea Pethybr. & Lafferty
P. drechsleri Tucker
P. cambivora (Petri) Buisman
P. cinnamomi Rands
P. erythroseptica Pethybr
Post harvest soft rot = leak disease
Rhizopus stolonifer (Ehrenb.:Fr.) Vuill.
= Rhizopus nigricans Ehrenb.
Mucor piriformis E. Fisch. (in Europe)
Powdery mildew
Sphaerotheca macularis (Wallr.:Fr.) Lind
Raspberry leaf spot
Sphaerulina rubi Demaree & M.S. Wilcox
    Septoria darrowii Zeller [anamorph]
= Cylindrosporium rubi Ellis & Morg.)
Root rot
Collybia dryophila (Bull.:Fr.) P. Kumm
Cylindrocarpon destructans (Zinssmeister) Scholten.
Fusarium spp.
Helicobasidium brebissonii (Desmaz.) Donk
    Rhizoctonia crocorum (Pers.:Fr.) DC.) [anamorph]
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (Duggar) Hennebert
= Phymatotrichum omnivorum Duggar
Pythium spp.
Rhizoctonia spp.
Rosette = double blossom
Cercosporella rubi (G. Wint.) Plakidas
Septoria leaf spot (blackberry) = cane and leaf spot
Septoria rubi Westend.
    Mycosphaerella rubi Roark [teleomorph]
Silver leaf*
Chondrostereum purpureum (Pers.:Fr.) Pouzar (UK &
    New Zealand)
= Stereum purpureum Pers.:Fr.
Spur blight
Didymella applanata (Niessl) Sacc.
    Phoma sp. [anamorph]
Stamen blight
Hapalosphaeria deformans (Syd.) Syd.
Sydowiella cane canker
Sydowiella depressula (P. Karst.) Barr (Europe and Alaska)
= Gnomonia depressula P. Karst
Yellow rust
Phragmidium rubi-idaei (DC.) P. Karst.
= Phragmidium imitans Arth.
Verticillium wilt
Verticillium albo-atrum Reinke & Berthier
Verticillium dahliae Kleb.
White root rot
Vararia sp.

NEMATODES, PARASITIC

Dagger, American nematode
Xiphinema americanum Cobb
Dagger nematode
Xiphinema bakeri Williams
X. rivesi Dalmasso
Root-lesion nematode
Pratylenchus spp.
P. penetrans (Cobb) Filipjev & Schuurmans, Steckhoven
Needle nematode
Longidorus spp.

VIRAL DISEASES and VIRUSLIKE AGENTS

Mosaic or ringspot
genus Ilarvirus, Apple mosaic virus (ApMV)
Tobacco ringspot in Rubus
genus Nepovirus, Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV)
Black raspberry streak
A graft-transmissible agent(s) of unknown identity
Blackberry calico
genus Carlavirus, Blackberry calico virus (BCV) in North
   America.
genus Potexvirus, Wineberry latent virus (WLV) upon
    inoculation in the U.K.
Bramble yellow mosaic*
genus Potyvirus, Bramble yellow mosaic virus (BrmYMV)
European decline
genus Nepovirus, Cherry leaf roll virus (CLRV)
Green blotch
genus Cucumovirus, Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV)
Latent virus, North America
genus Ilarvirus, Tobacco streak virus (Rubus strain)
(TSV-R)
Latent virus, Europe
genus Potexvirus Wineberry latent virus (WLV)
North American raspberry decline
genus Nepovirus, Tomato ringspot virus (TomRSV) or genus Nepovirus, Cherry rasp leaf virus (CRLV)
Raspberry bushy dwarf
genus Ideaovirus, Raspberry bushy dwarf virus (RBDV)
Raspberry mosaic
In North America caused by complexes of: Rubus yellow net virus (RYNV); black raspberry necrosis virus (BRNV); and an unnamed isometric virus similar to raspberry leaf mottle virus (RLMV)
Raspberry ringspot*
Caused by either genus Nepovirus, Raspberry ringspot virus (RRSV) or genus Nepovirus tomato black ring virus (TBRV)
Raspberry vein chlorosis
Raspberry vein chlorosis virus (RVCV)
Raspberry veinbanding mosaic*
Caused by RYNV + RLMV; additionally raspberry leaf spot virus (RLSV), uncharacterized, may occur with this complex
Raspberry yellow dwarf*
Caused by either genus Nepovirus, Arabis mosaic virus (ArMV) or genus Nepovirus, Strawberry latent ringspot virus (SLRV)
Raspberry yellow spot*
Raspberry yellow spot (virus-like agent of unknown relationship)
Thimbleberry ringspot
genus Ilarvirus, Apple mosaic virus

PHYTOPLASMAL and SPIROPLASMAL DISEASES

Black raspberry witches’-broom
Phytoplasma
Rubus stunt*
Rubus stunt phytoplasma (Europe)

ALGAL DISEASES

Orange felt
Cephaleuros virescens Kunze

MISCELLANEOUS DISEASES and DISORDERS

Alpine mosaic in Rubus
Alpine mosaic agent, (a graft-transmissible agent of unknown identity)
Blackberry sterility
Cause unknown
Brown berry disease (of black raspberry)
Cause unknown
Crumbly berries
Various causes: poor pollination, genetic, virus, insect, nutrition, winter injury, water relations
Dryberry disease (loganberry)
Phyllocoptes gracilis (Nalepa) (dryberry mite) and Rhizoctonia rubi McKeen
Fasciation
Cause unknown
Midge blight *
Phoma macrostoma Mont. var. macrostoma
Fusarium culmorum (Wm. G. Sm.) Sacc.
Alternaria spp. colonization following feeding by Resseliella
    theoboldi (Barnes) (raspberry cane midge)
Raspberry leaf curl
Raspberry leaf curl uncharacterized agent(s)
Redberry disease
Acalitus essigi (Hassan) (redberry mite)
Seedborne dsRNA in wild raspberry
dsRNA of mol. wt. typical of plant viruses, but not associated with host symptoms or virus-like particles

* indicates the disease is not known to occur in North America.

 


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