Common Names of Plant Diseases


Diseases of Wheat
(Triticum spp. L.)



BACTERIAL DISEASES

Bacterial leaf blight
Pseudomonas syringae subsp. syringae van Hall 1902
Bacterial mosaic
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. tessellarius (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Davis et al. 1984
Bacterial sheath rot
Pseudomonas fuscovaginae (ex Taniiet al.) Miyajima et al. 1983
Basal glume rot
Pseudomonas syringae pv. atrofaciens (McCulloch 1920) Young et al. 1978
Black chaff = bacterial streak
Xanthomonas campestris pv. translucens (Jones et al. 1917) Dye 1978
Pink seed
Erwinia rhapontici (Millard 1924) Burkholder 1948 emend. Hauben et al. 1998
Spike blight = gummosis
Rathayibacter tritici (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Zgurskaya
    et al. 1993
= Clavibacter tritici (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Davis et al.
    1984
= Corynebacterium michiganense pv. tritici (Hutchinson
    1917) Dye & Kemp 1977
Clavibacter iranicus (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Davis et al.
    1984

FUNGAL DISEASES

Alternaria leaf blight
Alternaria triticina Prasada & Prabhu
Anthracnose
Colletotrichum graminicola (Ces.) G.W. Wils.
    Glomerella graminicola Politis [teleomorph]
Ascochyta leaf spot
Ascochyta tritici S. Hori & Enjoji
Aureobasidium decay
Microdochium bolleyi (R. Sprague) DeHoog &
    Hermanides-Nijhof
= Aureobasidium bolleyi (R. Sprague) Arx
Black head molds = sooty molds
Alternaria spp.
Cladosporium spp.
Epicoccum spp.
Sporobolomyces spp.
Stemphylium spp.
and other genera
Black point = kernel smudge
associated with various fungi and physiological circumstances
Cephalosporium stripe
Hymenula cerealis Ellis & Everh.
= Cephalosporium gramineum Nisikado & Ikata in Nisikado
    et al
Common bunt = stinking smut
T. tritici (Bjerk.) G. Wint. in Rabenh.
= Tilletia caries (DC.) Tul. & C. Tul.
T. laevis Kühn in Rabenh.
= T. foetida (Wallr.) Liro
Common root rot
Bipolaris sorokiniana (Sacc.) Shoemaker
    Cochliobolus sativus (Ito & Kuribayashi) Drechs. Ex Dast.
    [teleomorph]
Cottony snow mold
Coprinus psychromorbidus Redhead & Traquair
Crown rot = foot rot, seedling blight, dryland root rot
Fusarium spp.
F. pseudograminearum O’Donnell et. T. Aoki sp. nov.
Gibberella zeae (Schwein.) Petch
    F. graminearum Schwabe, Group II [anamorph]
G. avenacea R.J. Cook
    F. avenaceum (Fr.:Fr.) Sacc. [anamorph]
F. culmorum (W.G. Smith) Sacc.
Dilophospora leaf spot = twist
Dilophospora alopecuri (Fr.)Fr.
Downy mildew = crazy top
Sclerophthora macrospora (Sacc.)Thirumalachar et al.
Dwarf bunt
Tilletia controversa Kühn in Rabenh
Ergot
Claviceps purpurea (Fr.:Fr.) Tul.
    Sphacelia segetum Lév. [anamorph]
Eyespot = foot rot, strawbreaker
Tapesia yallundae Wallwork & Spooner
    Ramulispora herpotrichoides (From) Arx [anamorph]
= Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides (Fron) Deighton
T. acuformis (Boerema, Pieters & Hamers) Crous
    Ramulispora acuformis (Nirenberg) Crous [anamorph]
= Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides var. acuformis Nirenberg
False eyespot
Gibellina cerealis Pass.
Flag smut
Urocystis agropyri (G. Preuss) Schrot.
Foot rot = dryland foot rot
Fusarium spp.
Halo spot
Pseudoseptoria donacis (Pass.) Sutton
= Selenophoma donacis (Pass.) R. Sprague & A.G. Johnson
Karnal bunt = partial bunt
Tilletia indica Mitra
= Neovossia indica (M. Mitra) Mundk.
Leaf rust
   = brown rust
Puccinia triticina Eriks.
= P. recondita Roberge ex Desmaz. f. sp. tritici (Eriks. &
    E. Henn.) D.M. Henderson
P. tritici-duri Viennot-Bourgin
Leptosphaeria leaf spot
Phaeosphaeria herpotrichoides (De Not.) L. Holm
= Leptosphaeria herpotrichoides De Not.
    Stagonospora sp. [anamorph]
Loose smut
Ustilago tritici (Pers.) Rostr.
= U. segetum tritici, U. segetum nuda, U. segetum avena
Microscopica leaf spot
Phaeosphaeria microscopica (P. Karst.) O. Eriksson
= Leptosphaeria microscopica P. Karst
Phoma spot
Phoma spp.
P. glomerata (Corda) Wollenweb. & Hochapfel
P. sorghina (Sacc.) Boerema et al.
= P. insidiosa Tassi
Pink snow mold = Fusarium patch
Microdochium nivale (Fr.) Samuels & I.C. Hallett
= Fusarium nivale Ces. ex Berl. & Voglino
    Monographella nivalis (Schaffnit) E. Müller [teleomorph]
Platyspora leaf spot
Clathrospora pentamera (P. Karst.) Berl.
= Platyspora pentamera (P. Karst.) Wehmeyer
Powdery mildew
Erysiphe graminis DC. f. sp. tritici Em. Marchal
Blumeria graminis (DC.) E.O. Speer
= E. graminis DC.
    Oidium monilioides (Nees) Link [anamorph]
Pythium root rot
Pythium aphanidermatum (Edison) Fitzp.
P. arrhenomanes Drechs.
P. graminicola Subramanian
P. myriotylum Drechs
P. volutum Vanterpool & Truscot
Rhizoctonia root rot
Rhizoctonia solani Kühn
    Thanatephorus cucumeris (A. B. Frank) Donk
    [teleomorph]
Ring spot = Wirrega blotch
Pyrenophora semeniperda (Brittlebank & Adam)
    Schoemaker
= Drechslera campanulata (Lev.) Sutton
D. wirreganesis Wallbork, Lichon & Sivanesan
Scab = head blight
Fusarium spp.
Gibberella zeae (Schwein.) Petch
    Fusarium graminearum Schwabe, Group II [anamorph]
G. avenacea R.J. Cook
    F. avenaceum (Fr.:Fr.) Sacc. [anamorph]
F. culmorum (Wm. G. Sm.) Sacc.
Microdochium nivale (Fr.) Samuels & I.C. Hallett
= F. nivale Ces ex Berl. & Voglino
    Monographella nivale (Schaffnit) E. Müller [teleomorph]
Sclerotinia snow mold = snow scald
Myriosclerotinia borealis (Bubák & Vleugel) L.M. Kohn
= Sclerotinia borealis Bubák & Vleugel
Sclerotium wilt (see Southern blight)
Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc.
    Athelia rolfsii (Curzi) Tu & Kimbrough [teleomorph]
Septoria blotch
Septoria tritici Roberge in Desmaz.
    Mycosphaerella graminicola (Fuckel) J. Schröt. In
    Cohn [teleomorph]
Sharp eyespot
Rhizoctonia cerealis Van der Hoeven
    Ceratobasidium cereale D. Murray & L.L. Burpee
    [teleomorph]
Snow rot
Pythium spp.
P. aristosporum Vanterpool
P. iwayamai Ito
P. okanoganense Lipps
Southern blight = Sclerotium base rot
Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc.
    Athelia rolfsii (Curzi) Tu & Kimbrough [teleomorph]
Speckled snow mold = gray snow mold or Typhula blight
Typhula idahoensis Remsberg
T. incarnata Fr.
T. ishikariensis Imai
T. ishikariensis Imai var. canadensis Smith & Arsvoll
Spot blotch
Bipolaris sorokiniana (Sacc.)Shoemaker
Stagonospora blotch
Phaeosphaeria avenaria (G.F. Weber) O. Eriksson f. sp. triticea T. Johnson
    Stagonospora avenae (A. B. Frank) Bissett f. sp. tritica
    T. Johnson [anamorph]
= Septoria avenae A. B. Frank f. sp. triticea T. Johnson
Phaeosphaeria nodorum (E. Müller) Hedjaroude
    Stagonospora nodorum (Berk.) Castellani & E.G.
    Germano [anamorph]
= Septoria nodorum (Berk.) Berk. in Berk. & Broome
Stem rust = black rust
Puccinia graminis Pers.:Pers.
= P. graminis Pers.:Pers. f. sp. tritici Eriks. & E. Henn.
Storage molds
Aspergillus spp.
Penicillium spp.
and others
Stripe rust = yellow rust
Puccinia striiformis Westend.
    Uredo glumarum J.C. Schmidt [anamorph]
Take-all
Gaeumannomyces graminis (Sacc.) Arx & D. Olivier var.
    tritici J. Walker
G. graminis (Sacc.) Arx & D. Olivier var. avenae (E. M.
    Turner) Dennis
Tan spot = yellow leaf spot, red smudge
Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (Died.) Drechs.
    Drechslera tritici-repentis (Died.) Shoemaker [anamorph]
Tar spot
Phyllachora graminis (Pers.:Fr.) Nitschke
    Linochora graminis (Grove) D. G. Parbery [anamorph]
Zoosporic root rot
Lagena radicicola Vant & Ledingham
Ligniera pilorum Fron & Gaillat
Olpidium brassicae (Woronin) Dang.
Rhizophydium graminis Ledingham

NEMATODES, PARASITIC

Bulb and stem nematode
Ditylenchus dipsaci (Kühn) Filepjev
Cereal cyst nematode
Heterodera avenae Wollenweber
Dagger, American nematode
Xiphinema americanum Cobb
Grass cyst nematode
Punctodera punctata (Thorne) Mulvey & Stone
Lesion nematode
Pratylenchus spp.
P. thornei Sher & Allen
P. neglectus (Rensch et al.) Filepjev
Ring nematode
Criconemella spp.
Root gall nematode
Subanguina spp.
S. radicicola (Greeff) Paramonov
Root-knot nematode
Meloidogyne spp.
M. naasi Franklin
M. chitwoodi Santos
Seed gall (wheat gall) nematode
Anguina tritici (Steinbuch) Chitwood
Spiral nematode
Helicotylenchus spp.
Stubby-root nematode
Paratrichodorus spp.
P. minor (Colbran) Siddiqi
Stunt nematode
Merliniusbrevidens (Allen) Siddiqi

VIRAL DISEASES AND VIRUSLIKE AGENTS

African cereal streak
see Maize streak
Agropyron mosaic
genus Rymovirus, Agropyron mosaic virus (AgMV)
Australian wheat striate mosaic
see Chloris striate mosaic
Barley stripe mosaic
genus Hordeivirus, Barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV)
Barley yellow dwarf
genus Luteovirus, Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV)
Barley yellow streak mosaic
Barley yellow streak mosaic virus
Barley yellow striate mosaic
genus Cytorhabdovirus, Barley yellow striate mosaic virus (BYSMV)
Barley yellow stripe
see Barley stripe mosaic
Brome mosaic
genus Bromovirus, Brome mosaic virus (BMV)
Cereal northern mosaic
genus Cytorhabdovirus, Cereal northern mosaic virus (NCMV)
Cereal tillering
Cereal tillering reovirus
Chloris striate mosaic
genus Monogeminivirus, Chloris striate mosaic virus (CSMV)
Cocksfoot mottle
genus Sobemovirus, Cocksfoot mottle virus (CoMV)
Eastern wheat striate
Eastern wheat striate virus
Enanismo
Probable virus or phytoplasma
High plains disease
Probable virus. Vectored by wheat curl mite, Aceria tosichella
Maize streak
genus Monogeminivirus, Maize streak virus (MSV)
Northern cereal mosaic
genus Cytorhabdovirus, Cereal northern mosaic virus (NCMV)
Oat sterile dwarf
genus Fijivirus, Oat sterile dwarf virus (OSDV)
Rice black-streaked dwarf
genus Fijivirus, Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV)
Rice hoja blanca
genus Tenuivirus, Rice hoja blanca virus (RHBV)
Russian winter wheat mosaic
genus Cytorhabdovirus, Russian winter wheat mosaic virus (WWRMV)
Seedborne wheat yellows
Seedborne wheat yellows viroid
Tobacco mosaic
genus Tobamovirus, Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)
Wheat American striate mosaic
genus Nucleorhabdovirus, Wheat American striate mosaic virus (WASMV)
Wheat chlorotic streak, = Wheat chlorotic streak mosaic
see Barley yellow striate mosaic
Wheat dwarf
genus Monogeminivirus, Wheat dwarf virus (WDV)
Wheat European striate mosaic
genus Tenuivirus, Wheat European striate mosaic virus (EWSMV)
Wheat rosette stunt
see Cereal northern mosaic
Wheat soilborne mosaic
genus Furovirus, Wheat soilborne mosaic virus (SBWMV)
Wheat soilborne yellow mosaic
Wheat soilborne yellow mosaic bymovirus
Wheat spindle streak mosaic
a strain of Wheat yellow mosaic bymovirus
Wheat spot mosaic
Probable virus or phytoplasma
Wheat streak mosaic
genus Rymovirus, Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV)
Wheat striate mosaic
see Wheat American striate mosaic
Wheat yellow leaf
genus Closterovirus, Wheat yellow leaf virus (WYLV)
Wheat yellow mosaic
Wheat yellow mosaic bymovirus
= Wheat spindle streak mosaic virus

PHYTOPLASMAL DISEASES

Aster yellows
Aster yellows phytoplasma

PARASITIC HIGHER PLANTS

Witchweeds
Striga spp.
S. lutea Lour.
= S. asiatica (L.) Kuntze

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The International Society for Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions